Cairo.co.uk » The Wonders of Egypt http://www.cairo.co.uk Just another WordPress weblog Tue, 03 Jul 2012 08:18:46 +0000 http://wordpress.org/?v=2.9 en hourly 1 The Nile River http://www.cairo.co.uk/38/the-nile-river/ http://www.cairo.co.uk/38/the-nile-river/#comments Mon, 13 Jul 2009 11:57:20 +0000 admin http://www.cairo.co.uk/?p=38 The Nile river stretches thousands of miles fromm Northern Africa on south, across deserts and through Cairo Egypt, providing a life giving source of sustenance to a plethora of ecosystems. It is listed as the single longest river in the world, with two main tributaries adding to its beauty and size, the White and Blue Nile. The Blue Nile provides most of the river its water and mass, with its life giving soil, while the white tributary is the longer of the two. The majority of the populated areas, minus a few coastal cities are built upon the banks of the northern section of this river. The entire country of Egypt itself has depended on the Nile river for its existence since ancient times. Flowing northward, it ends in a delta that empties out into the Mediterranean sea.

The Nile currently in Africa is one of 5 rivers that has flowed north out of Sudan since ancient times. Many an era has seen the source of the waters become obscured, or the pathway it takes totally obstructed or changed, creating a completely new river system. People throughout ancient times as well were perpetually trying to find the source of the Nile and its life giving qualities, but even the Greeks and Romans were unable to penetrate that far to discover the course of the flowing water.

It had mystique, it was a seemingly never ending flow of water that expanded beyond the horizon. It solely kept thousands of years of the Egyptian civilizations alive and strong, being considered one of the greatest empires known to man. And, still, to this day explorers are constantly desiring to find more and more about the source of the river itself. Documentaries and films by explorers and companies are periodically filmed still, all in the quest to discover every last bit of knowledge about this ancient giver of life, known as the Nile river. Maybe someday, we will know it all. But, that’s also what humanity has been saying about this rivers mysteries since the dawn of time.

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The Ramadan Observance http://www.cairo.co.uk/25/what-is-ramadan/ http://www.cairo.co.uk/25/what-is-ramadan/#comments Mon, 13 Jul 2009 11:09:41 +0000 admin http://www.cairo.co.uk/?p=25 Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar; and is also the name given to the religious observance exhibited throughout the month long observance. This observance is the most holy of all the Muslim holidays, and is one that all of the Islamic face revere, respect, and practice. Even if some of the other holidays or observances are unable to be participated in, the most effort is given to properly immerse oneself in the true meaning and the practices of Ramadan.

The most evident and visual event of the month is the institution and practice of fasting. Every day the Muslim would wake, and take their predawn meal, known as the Sahur. The fajr prayer is then performed, the first prayer of the day before the sun rises. They must do this before the first call to prayer for the day. The entire day is spent fasting until teh 4th call for prayer in the evening, known as Maghrib. Each evening the Muslim is allowed to eat and drink as they please, until the next morning starts over with the fajir. The act of sacrifice with fasting during the day brings ones mind into a purified state, and is meant to draw one closer to Allah, and direct ones path in the appropriate manner. Properly observing the stated fast is meant to deliver ones heart and soul a level of peaceful calm.

Prayer, and Reading of the Holy Quran are a mainstay of Ramadan as well. While urged to read the entire holy book, some go with the Tarawih, the daily reading of portions of the Quran at the Mosque one would go to. If one does not have a mosque they attend, self done readings of a section a day are also appropriate and allowed. Many countries, states, and municipalities with large Muslim populations or in the countries themselves will shutdown and close the markets during part of the days fast, during Ramadan. The markets also often stay open later in the evening on those days as well.

Prayer, and fasting. Reading the Quran; These things are integral to the Muslim. If you are in an area where many of them are, its a sight to behold. If you yourself are Muslim, Ramadan is the time to reconnect and further dedicate yourself to Allah.

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The Suez Canal http://www.cairo.co.uk/22/the-suez-canal/ http://www.cairo.co.uk/22/the-suez-canal/#comments Sun, 12 Jul 2009 04:06:01 +0000 admin http://www.cairo.co.uk/?p=22 The Suez canal is a canal in the north connecting Port Said, and Suez, allowing travel and water passage between Europe and Asia. This avoids having to go all the way around Africa, thereby saving months of travel and expenses. Its around 120 miles long, yet at its deepest it is only 60 feet. The operation is under the control entirely of the Egyptian canal authority. The passing through here has proven useful and beneficial, connecting the Mediterranean sea to the Red sea and its northern connection at Suez.

The canal existed in one form or another for many millennia prior to its modern construction. It was historically known, at about 1300 BC, a west to east canal was built to connect the Nile, with the eastern Sea. It was built by Ramses the Second, or the Pharaoh directly post or prior to him, history is unsure at that point. The 1800s had some construction started by the French, but was quashed as Bedouin forces were sent to cause chaos with the work forces, all at the Behest of the British government, whom at the time were at the top of the Naval power chain in the world. It was remarked that the play was easily seen as a power grab, since they hadn’t cared about the forced labor on their own rail system in Egypt a few years prior. Work temporarily halted as shares in the companies involved dropped.

The french maintained a prime hold on the stock of the canal when it opened in 1869. after more than double had been paid for its construction. But, it was worth it to all the countries that used it, for it made the crossing of the world much quicker and direct. The British were also now able to go deeper into Africa and expand their empire further than it had previously been able to. Hence, the British had a constant post of support personnel and military at the site was listed as being Protected and run by Britain after the Constantinople convention in 1888.

There existed many periods of distress in the area and fights over who really owned it through what treaty. 1956 saw the return of the canal operation to Egyptian authority, and today the canal still operates with as much importance as it did form its foundation in ancient times.

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