Categorized | The City of Cairo

The Climate of Egypt

Climate in Egypt is anything but normal and is quit commonly warm or hot on most days during the summer. Even during winter time the temperate can doesn’t seem to get below 40 degrees.

Egypt only has two seasons to content with, where most other places typically have four seasons. Egypt experiences a mild winter between the months of November and April and a painstakingly hot summer from May to October. It’s said that one can tell the difference in the seasons because of the variations in the daytime temperatures and from the changes in the wind, the wind can be perhaps the one most devastating factor in Egyptian climate.

Along the coastal regions temperatures tend to range between on average minimum of around 14 degrees Celsius (55F) in winter time to around 30C (87F) average maximum in summer time. Inland the desert areas climate can range from 7C (47F) at night to 43C (108F) during summer days. During winter these temperatures change and fluctuate depending on many factors. Typically many of the inland cities only see around 80 millimeters of precipitation a year, whereas coastal areas get the most rainfall that averages around 200 millimeters a year.

Most of the inland cities in Egypt, like Cairo and Alexandria have to contend with humidity and sea breezes, but some areas also can go years without seeing a drop of rain. Usually some places only see slight traces of rainfall and many places are left praying and hoping that rain would come to water crops and give water to the residents of the cities. There are times when cities will experience sudden downpours, which can devastate a city because the downpour will usually result in flash flooding.

As if that wasn’t bad enough, Egyptians have to also contend with Khamsin… more commonly know as wind…which can arrive as early as March and can last till around May. This Khamsin can carry very large amounts of sand and even dust from the desert into the cities which leads to devastation for citizens. These sand storms can contain winds up to 140 kilometers per hour, causing temps to raise unexpectedly and as high as an extra 20 degrees in just two hours. Sand storms are very dangerous for residents because they can continue for days, making life extremely difficult for citizens to live. Illness can occur from sand storms as a result of days of brutal winds and even damage to homes, infrastructures and crops can leave local Egyptians with a sense of unease and sadness.

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